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I have faced such situation twice or thrice in my university and work life. Due to competition your peer or ill-wisher tries to put you in dark light intentionally. So, it gives wrong impression of you to other people. If your ill-wisher succeeds, then your image is spoiled in front of others without you actually doing any wrong.

So, what do you call a person who spoils your image or malign your image in public?

For example: He is a/ an ____. He spoiled my image in my office.

In real, he did not spoil my image, but he tried and my co-workers supported me. One more thing, I use to use ill-wisher until now but I feel I need one perfect word. Using ill-wisher sounds stupid.

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The richness of English for approximate synonyms suggests that you are far from being alone in having been upset by a:

vilifier, traducer, disparager, denigrator, panner, defamer, knocker, and maligner!

Most of those synonyms imply an element of untruth (libel, slander) so they may not quite express the meaning you seek.

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  • It is more than criticizing me. He acts actively to malign my reputation. I checked all your suggestions. Thanks!
    – Vicky.R
    Mar 28 '19 at 7:13
  • 2
    Informally, he bad-mouths you.
    – Xanne
    Mar 29 '19 at 4:24
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Slanderer (noun): a person who slanders someone (= damages their reputation by making a false spoken statement about them). (Cambridge English dictionary)

Examples:

  • I described him as a serial slanderer who poisoned political debate.
  • The documents prove that they are liars and deliberate slanderers of my name.

(There's nothing wrong with 'ill-wisher'. You could also call him 'antagonist')

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I think it is a detractor: ​ someone who criticizes something or someone, often unfairly:

// His detractors claim that his fierce temper makes him unsuitable for leadership. (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/detractor)

According to Oxford English Dictionary (https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/detractor):

detractor

NOUN

A person who disparages someone or something.

There's a list of synonyms: critic, disparager, denigrator, deprecator, belittler, attacker, censurer, fault-finder, carper, backbiter, caviller, reviler, vilifier, slanderer, libeller, calumniator, defamer, traducer

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  • not only by words but he also acts to malign me. like sending email from my workstation or something like that. thank you
    – Vicky.R
    Mar 28 '19 at 7:15
  • "Maligner" is a synonym of "detractor".
    – user307254
    Mar 28 '19 at 8:12
  • yes yes.. but it is not just about speaking in evil manner but also doing wrong
    – Vicky.R
    Mar 28 '19 at 8:37

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