1

This question already has an answer here:

Is there a specific name for swear word alternatives? I know about synonyms, but was wondering if there is a specific word to describe when a substitute is created for a swear word (e.g. "dang" or "shoot").

marked as duplicate by Janus Bahs Jacquet, Laurel, TrevorD, Jason Bassford, Andrew Leach Mar 23 at 21:55

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

1

There a a few terms that I might use to describe speaking in this manner. The most likely is minced oath. As the link to Wikipedia describes, this refers to substitution of vulgar terms with approximate terms that are considered less vulgar, including your examples of dang and shoot, and adding fudge, doggonnit, heck, and others. The term itself derives from mince, meaning to make small, and oath, meaning a judicial swearing.

Another term that could describe this is bowdlerizing. This also refers to replacing words that might be offensive to some with a more innocuous version. However, this term usually applies to entire passages or text, not individual words. It still might be what you want, but less likely.

Finally, this substitution can be described simply as censorship. This term tends to have a bit more of a charged meaning in common usage, but it doesn't necessarily have to. A person speaking as you describe might be practicing self-censorship.

5

A

euphemism

is a nice word that entirely replaces a swear word with an existing word that could be used in polite conversation, for example 'feces' is a euphemism of 'shit'.

A

minced oath

on the other hand, is a slight change in pronunciation of a taboo word, that weakens the force of the taboo. For example, 'shucks' for 'shit'.

  • 2
    Euphemism is the technical term. "Minced oath" is a mixed metaphor based on word magic that is used in some dictionaries, but nobody ever uses it in practice unless they're quoting a dictionary. Euphemism covers everything that happens when a taboo word is not pronounced or used in its taboo fashion, from gol-darned to SOS to the bathroom bowl – John Lawler Mar 21 at 18:49

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.