The sentence "Please find attached the file containing the data you requested" is often seen at the beginning of emails. To be precise, the first part of it (Please find attached the file). The second part(containing the data you requested) provides more details about the attached file and varies based on the situation.
In English, a verb is typically followed by the object. Having written that, "find the file" should be together. But they are not. What part of speech is the word "attached", is it adjective, or passive? And why "attached" can split verb from object? What rule is applied here?