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“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.”

Source: Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom

Why can't it be "No one is born to hate another…"?

  • It can be. This is English -- there's no rule that there can be only one way to express a thought. But note that there are subtle differences in meaning between the two options. – Hot Licks Mar 19 at 17:03
  • But will there be a change in meaning? – Kaushik Mar 19 at 17:03
  • Yes, a subtle change in meaning. See the answer by @Ian MacDonald. In English "born to X" is used idiomatically to state a purpose or destiny for someones life and is not necessarily literal. Saying the baby is not born hating means that hating needs to be learned. – Damila Mar 19 at 17:44
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There's nothing stopping it from being as you write, but the words were chosen by Nelson Mandela to evoke a certain meaning. Here, he evokes a state of being. A newborn acting as soon as it is born. Had he chosen "to hate", then there is less finality to the statement.

Consider:

This baby was born to hate.
This baby will hate at some point in the future.

vs

This baby was born hating.
This baby is actively hating from the moment of birth.

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