It is encouraged or discouraged the usage of "By+ gerunds" in english formal writing?. If it is not encouraged, how you can explain this situations without using it.

Example: by studying arts kids improve their performance in school



1 Answer 1


We presume there is no such inhibition for using BY+GERUND combination. What's to be looked into is that by doing so the sentence doesn't become wordy or heavy.

  • By studying arts, kids improve their performance at school.

It doesn't strike any discordant note and is fine.

  • Reading makes a half man, writing makes a full man.

You can make it passive or write it the other way round.

  • By reading you are made a half man ... or

  • A half man is made by reading...

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge that you have read and understand our privacy policy and code of conduct.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.