Wiktionary has a quotation, listed under countable,
Of all the transitions brought about on the Earth’s surface by temperature change, ...
With politics, the closest idiom would be political change, a change of politics. I don't know what big change is, in comparison. a big change would be countable, big change isn't.
The above example could read instead: "by the Earth surface temperature change". This is a bit too unwieldy, hence it may be broken up: "on the Earth's surface by its temperature change". Leave out its and the meaning remains the same, but the meaning would change if a plural -es is added, because it might imply up and down swings, if a single change is single directional..