Is there an English word that denotes the structured and deliberate pursuit of a course of action in order to achieve a goal?
You could go for plan of action - An organized programme of measures to be taken in order to achieve a goal. [Oxford Dictionaries]
Or alternatively, Oxford Dictionaries gives the words campaign and attack on the same page.
These five goals were discussed to determine a plan of action to achieve them. [same source]
Are you looking for "project"?
- "a plan or proposal for accomplishing something."¹
In the scientific environment the word "protocol" is often used.
- "a detailed plan of a scientific or medical experiment, treatment, or procedure."²
"road map" also comes to mind.
- "a detailed plan to guide progress toward a goal."³
- "Here is the road map to our financial independence."
- "We need a project for urban renewal."
- "The methodology section is the most important part of the protocol. It should include detailed information on the interventions to be made, procedures to be used, measurements to be taken, observations to be made, laboratory investigations to be done etc." WHO