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The way I see it is that the default position of the world is the equator, and thus Europe could be referred to as the "North", but I am wondering if I am stretching the meaning of the word too extremely. What are your thought on this? Because the meaning is pretty much relative to who the speaker is, I am a bit perplexed about this.

I laid to rest on Mount Etna, as the humans call it, a mountain of the North.

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    Everything north of the equator is called 'the northern hemisphere'. Portugal, Spain, Italy, the Balkans and Greece are called 'Southern Europe'. Give a full sentence and then we can judge whether you use 'north' appropriately. – Mitch Feb 6 at 17:45
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    If the meaning depends on who (or more likely, where) the speaker is, then how can this question be answered without knowing that? – Andrew Leach Feb 6 at 17:50
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    Africa can certainly call it that way. For Greenland it wouldn't make much sense. – mama Feb 6 at 17:50
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    It's kinda hard to come up with a sentence when I meant it in an impersonal way where some God describes Italy as being in the North. – puffofsmoke Feb 6 at 18:00
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    To give a sense of just how relative this is: Palermo, Italy (almost as far south as one can go in Europe) is at a higher latitude than Evansville, Indiana. This puts almost all of Italy north of almost all of the US "South". – 1006a Feb 6 at 18:02
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There are billions of people who live south of Mount Etna. To them, Mount Etna is in "the north."

If the population of humans this figure is referring to live in, say, Egypt, then they might reasonably call Mount Etna "the mountain of the north."

Likewise, a site that is far to the south of where most of us live could be called "the north" by anyone south of that location. For example, Uluru is a rock formation in central Australia. Central Australia is south of most of the rest of the world, but it's north of all of the biggest cities in Australia. Someone in Sydney could call Uluru "the mountain of the north."

In fact, almost every location on Earth can be called "the north." The only place that cannot ever be north of your location is the South Pole.

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if you are refering to the northern hemisphere, then yes, indead, the entirety of Europe, is in the northern hemisphere. However, if you are referring to the north of europe, Northern Europe is the general term for the geographical region in Europe that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. Nations usually included within this region are Denmark, Estonia, the Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden, and less often the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, northern Germany, northern Belarus and northwest Russia.

  • I provided an example sentence as people requested it. – puffofsmoke Feb 6 at 18:13

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