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I've come across a small number of onomatopoeic words whose first syllables repeat:

borborygmus

tintinnabulation

ululation

I was wondering is there is a word describing such words and if any of your have come across more examples. Thanks!

Edit: Added

murmuration

susurration

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I will take a stab at converting my comment into an answer, since there are no others. I do not think there is a single word combining both concepts, but there are words for each concept independently.

You clearly already know the first, for words which imitate a sound the word describes- onomatopoeia. From M-W:

: the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it (such as buzz, hiss)

The other part, where a syllable or partial syllable is repeated within a word, is called reduplication. Again M-W:

1: an act or instance of doubling or reiterating

2a : an often grammatically functional repetition of a radical element or a part of it occurring usually at the beginning of a word and often accompanied by change of the radical vowel

b(1) : a word or form produced by reduplication

(2) : the repeated element in such a word or form

From this blog I get a list of several example of reduplication, including flim-flam, riff-raff, and bye-bye.

Within this same list, I find a few more that might fit both criteria of onomatopoeia and reduplication: knock-knock, clip-clop (of a horse's hooves), tom-tom, and a few others possibly on the fringe, such as choo-choo (usually a name for a train, not the sound of a train, but originating from that sound). In other words, yes, there are examples beside borborygmus and tintinnabula.

As for describing these words with as short of a phrase as possible, I might tongue-in-cheek suggest reduplicated onomatopoeia or onomatopoetic reduplication. Or just call them "words that combine onomatopoeia with reduplication," though that is admittedly a mouthful. How you ultimately would do this depends a bit on context which I do not know.

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