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In California, wildfires are raging again and strong winds and dry forests mean that the flames spread over 177 kilometres and destroy thousands of buildings.

I don't understand why 'mean' is put there.
Does 'mean' contain the meaning of like 'result'?
If so, Why did it use present tense, 'mean' instead of past tense 'meant'?

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It's in the present tense because the whole sentence is in the present tense: "...are raging... mean ... spread [are spreading]... destroy [{are} destroying]..."

" Mean" is used because the strong winds and dry forests are having a direct effect on how quickly the fires are spreading.

You could replace "mean that" with "are causing":

In California, wildfires are raging again and strong winds and dry forests are causing the flames to spread over 177 kilometres and destroy thousands of buildings.

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