Having reviewed freely accessible research I found references to The Grapheme-Phoneme Problem in Reading and other spelling studies and have sought other frequency tables that describe the relative frequency of the letters (graphemes) used to represent the sounds (phonemes). There are available online resources for frequency tables of words in spoken language and printed texts, but not as readily available are comparable tables for the graphemes and/or phonemes used in UK English.
As a primary school teacher, I am curious as to whether it would be worthwhile focussing on teaching children those graphemes that occur more frequently, as is done with high frequency sight words. This question may be of use to those professionals that support children with decoding when reading and using phonics knowledge when spelling.
I’ve done my own diagnostics for spelling errors but I’m no statistician and so am seeking help from those that may have access to relevant publications and studies.