What is the difference between a supplemental noun phrase and a absolute clause? In these examples and in general. Is it just the non-finite nature of the second example? Are they not serving a similar purpose?

He won at his favourite sport, the long-jump, and brought another medal home for the U.S, the most fitting conclusion to his brilliant career in track and field.

Noun phrase functioning as a supplement/ syntactically separate element.

He just stood there, his face clearly revealing his disappointment.

Absolute clause: called absolute because it serves no grammatical function in the sentence. It just adds supplemental information.

  • Isn’t one important difference that one is an NP—a phrase headed by a noun, that acts like a noun—and the other is a clause? – sumelic Jan 27 at 16:14
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    @sumelic That's obviously an important formal difference, but I suspect what the OP is after is a functional difference? – Hannah Jan 27 at 18:58
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    Bluebell, in answer to your question "Are they not serving a similar purpose?", I think the answer is "yes". As far as I have understood, they are both considered to be supplements from a functional point of view. The only difference between them, then, would be strictly formal – just as Sumelic points out in the comment above. – Hannah Jan 28 at 14:19

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