Kindly consider the following sentence.

She sat bored at the edge of a cliff.

I have a few issues while identifying its structure. I can see sat is a verb; therefore, it's starting with S+V.

The next word bored is either an adjective or an adverb. I'm not sure. Can I get some help here?

Lastly, at the edge of a cliff is a prepositional phrase, which is working as an adverb.

Overall, the structure might be S + V + C + C but not so sure.
(Subject + Verb + Adjective + Adjective Complement)

Appreciate any help. Thanks!

  • 1
    Why not two adverbs?
    – Kris
    Dec 20, 2018 at 6:35
  • 1
    "Bored" is an adjective here functioning as a predicative adjunct. It's predicative because it refers to a predicand, "she", and an adjunct because it is an optional modifier in clause structure, i.e. it's part of the predicate verb phrase, not part of the NP subject. "At the edge of a cliff" is a PP functioning as an adjunct of place.
    – BillJ
    Dec 20, 2018 at 9:11

1 Answer 1


In the sentence the verb 'sat' is used not only as an action verb but also as a link verb. The real semantics of the sentence can be structured like this: 'She was bored, and she sat ...' So in this sentence 'bored' is an adjective and functions as the predicative.

  • 1
    Oh, then the prepositional phrase at the edge of a cliff has nothing to do with the adjective bored. It is actually an adverb referring to the verb sat. Looks I get this! Thank you so much :)
    – AgentS
    Dec 20, 2018 at 9:12

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.