I have seen a lot in common use of the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. but I'm not pretty sure when and how to use these abbreviations.
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They are shorts for "id est" and "exempli gratia" (latin terms for "that is" and "for example"). I use "i.e." to clarify the meaning of a term, and "e.g" to give an example of a term, and I usually put the between (). Examples:
All english speaking countries (e.g. Australia) are passing new laws prohibiting the learning of french.
A European person (i.e. a person who is born in a European country) is likely to spend most of his life in Europe.