Can someone explain why this sentence is considered passive voice. Also convert it to active voice. "The recruits are tested and qualified for the finals".
There is Passive Voice in this sentence because: 1. The predicate of the sentence is in the Present Simple Passive (to be + Participle II). 2. The subject of the sentence is the logical object (the recruits). 3. The sentence can be reconstructed into the Active Voice (with the subject naming the performers of testing and qualifying): They (i.e., the recruiters) test and qualify the recruits for the finals.
Here is the parsing:
"The recruits are tested and qualified (by someone) for the finals"
Subject: The recruits (direct object in active voice)
Verb1: tested (test+ed)
Verb2: qualified (qualify+ed)
Tense: Simple Present Tense/Present Simple in passive voice.
Make it active:
"Someone (the recruiter) tests and qualifies the recruits for the finals"
"They(the recruiters) test and qualify the recruits for the finals"
A sentence can be considered a passive voice when the subject is the one who receives the action/bearing the burden of the verb, usually a transitive verb. Cited from Cambridge:
In the passive, the person or thing that the action was done to becomes the topic or theme. We can leave out the ‘doer’ or agent, or we can place the ‘doer’ in a prepositional phrase (by + ‘doer’):