First, I should state I'm a native U.K. English speaker from the West Midlands.
With 44 Phonemes present in English, I'm having trouble deciding when I should use
ɒ, from this website we can an example for
father. Both American and British pronounce this the same I believe.
But on Collins dictionary, for which I am referring to, as they have IPA phonetic representations for both British and American English, the following words follow a similar trend (I could give more but you will get the idea):
The trend, is that in all cases, the British IPA would use
ɒ, while American would use
ɑ. Now from my perspective, this is correct, Americans tend to elongate and turn it into more of an "aw" sound, while British English tends to keep it sharper.
BUT, my problem is that I would like to find examples of words where the British and American IPA of a word, both contain the same
ɑ, OR the same
ɒ, so I can note the differences between two different speakers, if any.
I was quick to come to the conclusion that they are equal because the British always use
ɒ, while Americans always use
ɑ, but the entry of father disproves this conclusion.
So how can I find words like father, where both American and British IPA representations use the discussed IPA symbols, and what is the true difference between the two discussed IPA symbols?
Phonetic questions are inherently difficult to describe, if there is any part unclear, please let me know and I will do the appropriate edits.