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Is there any antonym for "diminutive" when specifically used for names? For example:

Joe is a diminutive of Joseph
Joseph is a ______ of Joe
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    Since this is not a binary opposition, there is no clear "opposite". To start with, Joseph is not "a _____" of anything. It's THE original source for Joe; there aren't any others, so a is incorrect. Second, there is an opposite for morphological diminutive, like -ito in Spanish; Spanish also has an Augmentative suffix, -on, as in sillon 'couch', from silla 'chair'. But augmentative just makes something big, like a diminutive makes it small -- it doesn't trace anything back to its source. You can use the word source or the word root; they mostly mean the same here. Dec 6 '18 at 17:51
  • Wow. All that over a/the? I would argue that Joe could also be a diminutive of Josef. In any event, there are definitely 1-1, 1-N, N-1 and N-M relationships between names and their diminutives and Joe/Joseph was only an example. Dec 6 '18 at 18:46
  • You could say that Joseph is his full, complete, long, or actual name. But none of those are opposites in an exact sense. (The first comment here is correct if you're looking for something that specific.) Dec 6 '18 at 20:07
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The word you're looking for is "augmentative." The augmentative form of Joseph would be something like 'Big Joseph.'

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  • This is a good answer; it would be a better answer with a citation and link.
    – Davo
    May 12 '20 at 23:48

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