In English there are lots of phrases where a verb is followed by a direction and it takes on a whole new meaning.
Examples: get up, get off, get down, take in, take out, take off, etc.
This is interesting to me because a lot of these expressions don't seem to make logical sense when you look at the meaning of each word. I.e. how did "take off" come to describe a plane departing?
Is there a name for this construction that I can look up? Do many other languages have similar constructions? Is there any known history of how this construction developed?