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I'm reading an article by DWT (https://www.dailywritingtips.com/because-of-and-due-to/), and I'm unable to diagram I missed the class because of the rain. Do I treat because of as the head of adverbial prepositional phrase modifying missed and attach the rain to it as the OoP?

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    Never mind "head". Treat because of as a preposition; in fact, it's the preposition corresponding to the conjunction because. So if you convert a clause to a noun, you change the because to because of. E.g, I left because he insulted me/I left because of his insult to me. – John Lawler Nov 20 '18 at 20:41
  • Of course, ‘because’ comes from ‘by cause’. ‘Of’ then comes naturally after ‘cause’ just as it comes naturally from ‘by way of’. – Tuffy Nov 20 '18 at 20:53
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Because of is a preposition, and as any preposition it forms a prepositional phrase (here: an adverbial modifier).

According to Oxford Living Dictionary:

because of

preposition

: On account of; by reason of.

‘they moved here because of the baby’

Synonyms:

on account of, as a result of, as a consequence of, owing to, by reason of, on grounds of, by dint of, due to

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