So I am really confused when to use past participle and have been + p.p

For example

In situations like the ones below

  1. Are these dishes washed?
    Have these dishes been washed?
    (Washed and the dishes were being dried )

  2. The boxes have been taken away
    The boxes are taken away
    (Already gone by the time we got there)


'Have been' is usual in this context. 'The boxes are taken away' doesn't sound natural at all.

However, past participles can sometimes be used as adjectives, like 'the dishes are washed'; 'the plate is broken'.

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