For example: 'He contrived a plan to thwart his promotion'. From what I could find , 'contrive' had the meaning 'to invent , devise'. So like we can say that 'He devised a plan'/'He invented a scheme' etc , it should be correct right? I could not find any sentences that used 'contrive' this particular way tho. ELI5
"Contrive" means to plan, so seemingly "contrive a plan" would be a redundant repetition.
However, the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary gives the following example sentence in its definition of contrive:
They contrived a plan to defraud the company.
This comes under the meaning of:
to think of or make something, for example a plan or a machine, in a clever way
So I guess that means yes (in the right context).
See also Ngram.