Do you happen to know a noun to describe someone, usually a student, who does a lot of learning by heart, as opposed to understanding? Is 'grind', 'swot'/'swotter' a good word for that, or does it just mean an over-the-top hard-working, diligent student? I also came acrosss 'muzz', can that be used as a noun? In Russian, we have a word 'zubrila', which means someone who stupidly learns things by heart. Looking forward to your answers!
Educationalists make a distinction between "rote learning" and "meaningful learning".
Rote learning is the memorization of information based on repetition. Examples of rote learning include memorizing the alphabet, numbers, and multiplication tables. Some consider rote learning to be a necessary step in learning certain subjects.
Memorization isn’t the most effective way to learn, but it’s a method many students and teachers still use. A common rote learning technique is preparing quickly for a test, also known as cramming.
Meaningful learning involves understanding how all the pieces of an entire concept fit together. The knowledge gained through meaningful learning applies to new learning situations. This type of learning stays with students for life.
Meaningful learning is active, constructive, and long-lasting, but most importantly, it allows students to be fully engaged in the learning process.
In British Isles most common are crammer or swotter
In this Irish article cram...=6 swot...=0, others could show differently. Its often age / region.
Generally a crammer leaves it last minute and the term applied despairingly (especially by parents or teachers), a swotter can be applied to someone over a longer period, usually in a derisory fashion by their peers (fellow students).