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What do you call it when you do something (may be committedly) because it is instructed by a book (divine book). When an outsider looks at it, it feels that the act is for lack of word "spiritually empty" or something of that sort.

Example: If a person goes to a temple or a church just because he is instructed to do it by a book. Would it be mechanical

He goes to do prayers. But it feels too _______ (mechanical ?)

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    Literally lip service (and synonyms listed in your fav thesaurus). – Dan Bron Oct 24 '18 at 14:31
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    You might also consider perfunctory, one of whose meanings, according to Merriam-Webster's Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary is "characterized by routine or superficiality: MECHANICAL." Yet another option is pro forma, meaning "for [the sake of] form"—originally a Latin phrase, but now thoroughly incorporated into standard English. – Sven Yargs Oct 30 '18 at 4:41
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The word I would use there is rote. From TFD online:

rote 1 n.
1. A memorizing process using routine or repetition, often without full attention or comprehension: learn by rote.
2. Mechanical routine.

Usage 2 seems exactly what you're asking for, as in "He did it by rote," or "It was a rote observance."

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