I cannot understand "saying mass" means in the sentence "Pope Francis conferred sainthood on Óscar Romero, an archbishop who was murdered in 1980 while saying mass by an army-backed death squad in El Salvador."? Can anyone help explain it? Thanks!

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Say mass means celebrate mass in the following sense:

Church cerimony (also Mass):

a) [countable, uncountable] the main ceremony in some Christian churches, especially the Roman Catholic Church, which celebrates the last meal that Jesus Christ ate

say/celebrate Mass (=perform this ceremony as a priest)

(Longman Dictionary)

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Blue Jays, faculty, and staff celebrate Mass in the Chapel of the North American. (Google images)

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