The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, pag 529, says:

Predeterminer AdjPs (e.g., such a nuisance, or so serious a problem) occur as external modifier in NP structure, preceding the definite article a.

I'd like to know whether there's a typo, and it should read "indefinite article a", or rather it's a definite sense of such an article.

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    Yes, it's an error. I'll advise the authors. – BillJ Oct 15 '18 at 10:57
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    @BillJ How can you assure so? – GJC Oct 15 '18 at 10:59
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    Because of the examples they give: "such a nuisance" / "so serious a problem". – BillJ Oct 15 '18 at 11:02
  • @BillJ's right. It's obviously a typo. A book that big probably contains others. – John Lawler Oct 15 '18 at 13:23

From Geoff Pullum, coauthor of CGEL:

"You seem to be exactly right: it’s a plangent error, “definite” for “indefinite”. Lots of odd things happen in English NP syntax, but use of “a” as a definite article is not one of them!"

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