I came across the phrase “They’ve extended a finger” in the article that came under the headline “Mazie Hirono’s blunt style makes her a favorite of liberal looking for fighter” in Washington Post September 20 issue. It reads:

“Democratic Sen. Mazie Hirono’s voice dripped with disgust as she evaluated how republicans have treated the woman accusing Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh of sexually assaulting her when they were in high school. ‘You know what? They’ve extended a finger,’ the senator from Hawaii said in an interview. ‘That how I looked it.’”

Though I think “extend a finger” is analogous to "give sb. the middle finder / flip off," I find this particular phrase neither in Oxford and Cambridge online dictionaries, nor on any google wording sources.

Google Ngram indicates that the usage of “extend a finger” started around 1810 and sustains its currency at a low 0.000000075 level up to 2000.

Is "extend a finger" as common as being used by a senator publicly? If not, why should she have deliberately rephrased it?

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    give someone the finger - 1. To raise the middle finger (a rude gesture of anger or displeasure) at one. 2. To treat one poorly or display contempt for one. Sep 21, 2018 at 12:43
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    The middle-finger jerk was a favorite of the ancient Romans, too — so much so that they called the middle finger digitus impudens, the impudent finger.
    – DJohnson
    Sep 21, 2018 at 12:57
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    I personally like the echos of "extend a hand of friendship" in this. I hope it's deliberately ambiguous like that.
    – Pam
    Sep 21, 2018 at 13:47
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    @Pam I don't find it ambiguous, I think it's deliberately and intentionally referencing and reversing the meaning of that saying.
    – Hellion
    Sep 21, 2018 at 14:58
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    @Pam If you think extending the middle finger is ambiguous, and could imply extending a hand of friendship, I suggest the following experiment. The next time you are cut off in traffic by an aggressive driver, give him the finger. Be prepared for road rage and possibly being shot. :)
    – ab2
    Sep 21, 2018 at 22:07

4 Answers 4


Green's Dictionary of Slang cites variants of the phrase "give someone the finger" as early as 1876, but the earliest citations are not verbatim, e.g.

‘give him the slip,’ ‘put up your educated forefinger at him’

Not until 1941 is the exact phrase "give [...] the finger" cited, meaning, as discussed in other answers, to gesture in a deliberately offensive manner with the middle finger.

The early hits found on Google Ngram appear to be literal uses of the phrase "extend the finger" printed in medical journals or simply describing someone moving their finger in a particular way.

Extend the finger

... is not a slang phrase or idiom, but rather a more formal way of saying "give the finger." It is possible that the senator chose the phrase "extend a finger" as a satirical variant of "extend a hand" to ironically indicate the disparity between Republican treatment of Kavanaugh's accuser and how one might expect such a person to be treated, as suggested by Pam in the comments. It is also possible that the senator was simply using more formal language out of habit or with some other ironic intent.

You ask:

Is it a common phrase as being used by a Senator publicly?

The answer here is no. "Extend a finger" is not a phrase commonly used by anyone, since it is a formal variant as discussed above. It would also not be common for a senator to use the phrase "give the finger" as its slang nature and vulgar connotations might be considered below the dignity of the office. This is not to say that the phrase is "radical" for a U.S. senator, but rather that it would not be a notably common phrase.

  • Yes, the senator was using it as a funny euphemism. There is no need to capitalize senator when not using the name....
    – Lambie
    Sep 21, 2018 at 14:26

J.E. Lighter, Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang (1994) has an interesting two-part entry for the noun finger in the relevant sense:

finger n. ...

4.a. an obscene gesture of contempt made by closing the fist and extending the middle finger, often with a jab upward.—usu. constr[ued] with the. {Despite the dates, this is unquestionably the orig. sense; cf. syn. L. digitus impudicu.} [Two earliest cited occurrences:] {1938 Bezzerides Long Haul 93: "This to you—" and he stuck up a thick forefinger.} 1961 McMurtry Horseman, Pass By 81: They were too silly even to bother giving them the Finger. ...

b. contemptuous or malicious treatment; mocking; betrayal.—constr[ued] with the. [Three earliest cited occurrences:] 1890–93 Standard Dict. 682: Finger, n....To give one the f., to disappoint one, after holding out hopes that his desires would be fulfilled; turn a cold shoulder to one. 1914 Century Dict. & Cyclopedia (rev. ed.) IV (Supp.) To give one the finger to give scanty recognition or encouragement; to act coldly or disappointingly toward one who had been led to expect assistance or friendship. 1930 Lait On Spot 203: Giving the Finger...Cheating.

It is striking how aptly the part 4(b) definitions that Lighter cites from 1890–1893 ("to disappoint one, after holding out hopes that his desires would be fulfilled") and from 1914 ("to act coldly or disappointingly toward one who had been led to expect assistance or friendship") could be swapped in to Senator Hirono's statement and make sense. As far as I know, however, very few people in recent decades have that second meaning in mind when they talk about "giving the finger."

Hirono evidently has a rather salty vocabulary off-camera (as documented in this blog item posted today by a sympathetic journalist). Hirono's wording "extended a finger" certainly makes sense as an allusion to the "obscene gesture of contempt" cited in Lighter's part 4(a) definition; note that Lighter uses the word extending in in his description of the gesture: "made by closing the fist and extending the middle finger, often with a jab upward." I am confident that definition 4(a) is the definition of finger that Hirono had in mind when she uttered the phrase "extended a finger."


This is what is meant by "extend a finger":

enter image description here

(The point is that "extend a finger" is ambiguous, often deliberately so. Even in the idiom "lift a finger to help" some contribution could be implied, or it could imply total disregard of the one needing help.

In the original quote "extend a finger" could be read as implying a token effort at helping, or it could be interpreted to mean "gave the finger" in the obscene sense. Or it may have been intentionally ambiguous.)

  • Interesting picture. I think I saw this in the ceiling of Sistine Chapel long time ago. Idon't think the old man - who's he? -is asking Jesus for his help , more less they are mocking at each other. What do their fingers suggest? Did Hrono have this picturei in her mind when she said "The've extended a finger"? Sep 29, 2018 at 5:11
  • @YoichiOishi he image is taken from the Old Testament, the old man represents God and he is giving "life" to Adam, the first man on earth. I seriously doubt the author of the article had this image in mind.
    – Mari-Lou A
    Sep 30, 2018 at 14:11
  • Mari-Lou A. Thanks. While number of my posts has been diminishing, I see you're increasingly active on the site, and your input is always valuable. Oct 1, 2018 at 22:00

▶ flip the bone from New Part. Dict. of Slang and Unconventional english

to extend the middle finger in a rude gesture of defiance

All Jeff did was flip the bone at his old man which is a very dirty way of telling somebody where to get off. — Frederick Kohner, Gidget, p. 48, 1957 (Dalzell 875)

Like other descriptions of flipping someone off ... it very rude gesture. In AmE, 'to flip someone off', or 'he flipped me' ... is more common than to 'extend a digit', in spoken English. Extend or show middle digit is seen more in written English. The use by the senator is a formal description of the intended message, and rarely by the senate or the house.

  • 1
    extend a digit is not English.
    – Lambie
    Sep 21, 2018 at 14:25
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    @Lambie - It is English. It is not idiomatic (though I have heard terms such as "display the third digit).
    – Hot Licks
    Sep 30, 2018 at 12:13
  • @HotLicks, And I have heard raise one's middle finger in salute. The paragraph is just odd. "extend a digit" could be medical.
    – Lambie
    Sep 30, 2018 at 12:46

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