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I just got feedback from someone on a piece of my writing. He marked "on the internet" as confusing, compared to the term "online".

However, I felt that both work the same. Is there really a difference between on the internet and online? If so, when should you use them respectively?

For the record, I wrote, "I learned to code from the resources on the internet."

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    A nuclear reactor is said to be online if it is "up" and generating electricity. A hubcap stamping machine is online if it is productively making hubcaps. – Hot Licks Sep 18 '18 at 19:24
  • By the way, did you really mean to write "respectfully"? – Michael Kay Sep 18 '18 at 20:52
  • @MichaelKay You are right, that should be "respectively". Thank you. – Tyne Sep 19 '18 at 1:49
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Technically speaking, yes, there is a difference. Online refers to a remote connection to most any computer network or service whereas on the internet refers specifically to the publicly accessible network that got its start as a US defense department project known as ARPANET (along with other projects, to be fair).

In the past, there were services such as CompuServe, America OnLine (AOL), and FidoNet as well as private services -- in the late '80s, I was the system manager of a company where timesharing was a significant part of their income. (These days, the same concept -- storing your data and using programs on someone else's computer via a remote connection is called the cloud.)

So, yes, back in the day, you could go online to CompuServe or AOL or a Fido (or other) BBS without being connected to the internet. Even today, there are systems and networks you can connect to via a phone line or other means without being connected to the internet. (Note that internal networks, whether or not connected to the larger, external internet are called intranets.)

Note also that online has other meanings. The Oxford Living Dictionaries includes this adverbial definition:

online

ADVERB

In or into operation or existence.

‘the new power plant will go online this month’
‘the company has additional production capacity coming online later this year’

That said, if you were speaking to anyone other than an old, pedantic, computer history nerd like me, the assumption would be that online means the same thing as on the internet (primarily because most people have no idea that there is any other way to go online.)

In your specific situation, either option would be fine but, contrary to what your friend said, your use of on the internet is actually less ambiguous than their suggestion of online.

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