I know people generally use the expression, 'native-born' to indicate someone who was born in her/his native country.

But, is it OK to use an expression like "native-borne students" if I want to emphasize the context of the native country which has attempted to change and carry those students somewhere in which the country could easily manage and control them?

Is it totally wrong to use 'native-borne', instead of 'native-born'?

Thank you.


No. I'm afraid you will have to use more words than the hyphenated native-borne to describe the phenomenon you've described.

Born and borne are simply not the same, denotatively. Born means to come into being. A native-born person came into being in a given country. Borne means carried, transported, or transmitted, literally. Here are some sample sentences with borne and its cognates:

  • James had borne the weight of guilt for many years.
  • The supplies for the expedition were borne on the backs of mules.
  • Hester Prynne is the protagonist of Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel The Scarlet Letter, and she bore the letter A on her chest as punishment for having committed the crime of adultery.
  • You will have to bear the burden of knowing you could have helped Sally, but chose not to.

As for the use of native-borne to describe citizens being "carried" to a place where they are more easily managed and controlled, you could describe that action by saying, for example,

The native-born citizens of Bithynia [a made-up name for a country] were borne by transport trucks to an internment camp where they would be under the strict supervision of the power elite.


Born means 'existing as a result of birth', and 'borne' means 'carried or transported by the thing specified'. 'Native-borne' is not something a native English speaker would say or write.

  • 2
    It might be written if it is to mean "borne by natives". I can envisage a nineteenth-century novel set in Africa, for example [although that example wouldn't acceptable today, I think]. – Andrew Leach Sep 1 '18 at 13:42

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.