From what I can tell as a non-Hindi speaker, there are versions of the term that describe an innovative hack or fix (jugaad), the person performing the innovative act (jugadu), or even the act itself (a slangier use of jugaad).
So another possibility, if OP is open to an American slang term, would be to call someone a MacGyver. The word stems from a 1980s television show. The title character was a government agent who was known for his wit and ingenuity.
"To MacGyver [something]" is popular enough as a verb that it appears in the Oxford Dictionary, defined as making or repairing something "in an improvised or inventive way, making use of whatever items are at hand." It's not uncommon to describe a person as a "real MacGyver."