I am struggling with the definite article. I have checked other posts and examples. But often I stumble upon some cases which I just can't fathom, and can't make them fit into the given examples.
#1 without THE
a) LinkNatalie Portman has pulled out of a major award ceremony due to take place in Israel, citing her “distress” at recent events in the country.
b) LinkRecent events on US college campuses illustrate how the right has fine-tuned its formula for pushing progressives' buttons.
c) LinkAs the Resolution Foundation thinktank has noted, council tax is only weakly linked to the value of the property and has failed to capture changes in house prices.
d) LinkAs birthrates dropped in the 1990s, the number of children in state primary schools in England and Wales plunged.
a) b)Why not the recent events in the country The recent events on US college campuses? We exactly know which events we are talking about. We can point at them: this event, that event. Is it without THE, because the writer actually doesn't know or doesn't care about each and every individual event? We just know that some events did happen and we are indiscriminately referring to them as a bundle.
c) Why not the the changes in house prices? Is it without THE, because the writer knows that there were many changes? Had there been a very few well known and prominent price changes would have it been the changes in house prices?
d)Why not the state primary schools in England and Wales? We know which primary schools are there in England and Wales, this school, that school.
#2 with THE
a) LinkThe UK knows well the benefits of the single market.
b) LinkIt lays bare the multiple injustices heaped upon disabled people and their families.
c) LinkReligious toleration and common law without the periodic invasions that beset other parts of mainland Europe.
a) Is it the benefits of the single market because we know exactly, or were supposed to know, about which benefits the writer is writing about? This seems similar to #1 a) b) Had there been many indiscernible benefits, would it have been benefits of the single market?
b) Why the multiple injustices? The text did not elaborate on these injustices. If it is in general about injustices, shouldn't we write multiple injustices?
c) Why the periodic invasions? The text did not mention individually any of these invasions. Why not periodic invasions