It makes that difficult and out of control.

There is a pattern make + object + adjective that I'm aware of, but I cannot understand how out of control is adjective.

Does out of control function as an adjective or adverb? I think out here is an adverb not a preposition, so, if I’m not mistaken, it is not a prepositional phrase.

  • 1
    The idiomatic preposition phrase "out of control" can't be used predicatively, as in your example. "Make" is used here as a complex-intransitive verb ("cause to be") and it resists PPs like "out of control" as PC. Thus "It makes that out of control" is borderline at best. The adjective "difficult" is fine, though. – BillJ Jul 10 '18 at 17:51

"Out of control" as a phrase is grammatically identical to "out of bounds" or "out of the question"; all of them mean that the subject lies outside the scope of something, so "out" is a preposition.

Therefore, "out of control" is an adjectival phrase, grammatically similar to "uncontrolled" (i.e., the opposite of "controlled," which is an adjective).

  • ^ for "adjectival phrase" – Jas. MacOisdealbha Jul 10 '18 at 15:08
  • @Jas.MacOisdealbha "Out of control" is actually an idiomatic PP (preposition phrase) headed by the preposition "out". But it's ungrammatical with this use of "make" ("cause to be"). – BillJ Jul 10 '18 at 17:54
  • @BillJ yeah, that too =) – Jas. MacOisdealbha Jul 10 '18 at 18:16

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