It is arguable whether that specific phrasing is proper, but it is certainly common, and acceptable. For example:
"I called the police on my neighbor."
The proper phrasing would be much lengthier, such as:
"I called the police to ask them to intervene in a situation involving my neighbor."
A comment brought up a very similar phrasing which may confuse some:
To call someone on some thing
"I called the police on their loose relationship with the truth."
This is a colloquial terminology that means to confront someone regarding something. In this case, to confront the police regarding their dishonesty. It is not related to called some entity on some other entity.
Yes, I think so, if you were to say "I called the police on Bob" that would be correct.