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Ok, this site says

The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition

Now, this oxford dictionary says

here (adverb)

used after a verb or preposition to mean ‘in, at or to this position or place’

I live here.

Put the box here.

Let's get out of here.

Come over here.

So, the dictionary says "here is an adverb & we can put a preposition before here"

Eg: I am in here

I would say the dictionary is not correct, "here" in "in here" is a pronoun or noun. But I am not sure.

The same thing happened to "there".

Eg: he is in there; he is up there

Can a preposition be before an adverb?

  • For the second question, see Can you say “in there”? english.stackexchange.com/q/358947/14666 – Kris Jul 2 '18 at 9:56
  • Modern grammar treats "here" as a preposition: "in/to this place". link – BillJ Jul 2 '18 at 16:29
  • @BillJ, I don't understand why you said that. A preposition can not stand alone. It must be followed by a noun "He is outside the kitchen" or else it will be an adverb "He is outside" – Tom Jul 2 '18 at 16:40
  • @Kris, I read the link, I would say sometimes "there/ here" is an adverb, sometimes it is a pronoun. "Go there (there: adv)", "Go in there (there: pronoun)", "right there (there is an adv and is modified by another adverb 'right')" – Tom Jul 2 '18 at 17:36
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Here is an adverb modifying live in "I live here."

We say "I live in Texas." not "*I live Texas." Texas is a noun; with the preposition, in Texas is an adverbial phrase.

  • but what about prep "in" in "I am in here"? – Tom Jul 2 '18 at 9:52
  • That's a second question! – Kris Jul 2 '18 at 9:53
  • Texas is not a proper noun? A prepositional phrase, the entire thing is an adverbial phrase. – Mitch Jul 2 '18 at 12:07

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