Could someone help me with this please... I wanted to know if I could use the present tense to describe something happened just a few seconds ago instead of using past tense?

For example:

(A) Where is Rhian?

(B) She goes to the market. (She went to the supermarket)? can I still use Present Tense in this case?

  • The present tense is fine here, but not in the way you wrote it (as an answer to the question). Rather than she goes to the market it would be much more natural to say she is going to the market. (If she just left, then she's still on her way—the activity of "going" is still in progress.) – Jason Bassford Supports Monica Jun 22 '18 at 7:26
  • "Where is Rhian?" is not in the past tense. "She goes to the market." is not the same as "She went to the market." – Kris Jun 22 '18 at 7:33
  • See English Language Learners Good Luck. – Kris Jun 22 '18 at 7:34
  • The so-called present tense is, for most verbs, not used for the present or the recent past, but in a habitual sense, or for future intentions. As Jason says, you could use the form that is actually used for present actions - the so-called present continuous - if you want to mean that she is still on the way. Otherwise you need to use some sort of past form - either a simple past, or a perfect. – Colin Fine Jun 22 '18 at 11:37
  • The only possible grammatical answers to your question: She went or She has gone to the market. She goes is out. I wonder what your native language is..... – Lambie Jun 22 '18 at 14:50

Here's a weird thing: in English (at least UK English which is where I'm from!) you don't use the present tense much to refer to something that's currently happening.

She goes to the market. (1)

Instead you use the present participle:

She's going to the market. (2)

The difference is that (2) means now, at this moment, she is going to the market. (1) you would use if she generally has a habit of going to the market, for example

She goes to the market every Wednesday.

In your particular case, personally I would vote for the past tense because the event of her leaving is in the past:

She's just gone to the market.

(italics mean the word is optional)

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