2

Wasn't is the contracted form of was not. But wanst/wans't was an archaic adverb meaning once:

"Be the bye, I wanst knew art ould woman of that name. She was my darling Tibbie, but a notorious drunkard". 1

"Now, shut your eyes, and turn round wanst" whispered the Grey Man. Shawn did as he was desired; but, when he looked about, he was struck all of a hape to find himself standing in his own bawn.... 2

1 1863, Roger Quinn, The Heather Lintie: Being Poetical Pieces, Spiritual and Temporal..., page 167

2 1838, Charles Dickens et al, Bentley's Miscellany‎, page 308


NB: I originally came across the contraction wans't (sic) here, which led me to wanst. So I'm wondering if there is any connection between wanst or wasn't or even wans't.

For example, sha'n't was the dated spelling of shan't, but shalln't is the archaic form of shan't. Are there cases where the apostrophe was missed out but was intended to mean "shall not"? (shant and shallnt)


Instances where wans't is used in place of wasn't (though this is rare):

The Missouri Yearbook of Agriculture ...: Annual Report ..., Volume 32 (1900)

enter image description here

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ZKlJAAAAMAAJ&q=%22wans%27t%22&dq=%22wans%27t%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqvpndr8zbAhUNmrQKHXwrArQ4jAEQ6AEIUjAJ

Proceedings of All Ohio Safety Congress, Volume 11 - F.J. Heer Print. Company, 1940

enter image description here

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=c8k2AQAAIAAJ&q=%22wans%27t%22&dq=%22wans%27t%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZsu7FrszbAhXSL1AKHcBMBqM4bhDoAQhOMAk

New Times International, Issues 26-39; New Times Publishing House, 1991

enter image description here

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WmQpAQAAMAAJ&dq=It+wans%27t+for+nothing+that+Nikolai+Leskov+wrote%3A&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=wans%27t+

Even, The Washington Post (1984)

enter image description here

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1984/06/10/history-was-on-gary-harts-side-but-that-wanst-enough/5c74923d-67e6-491a-94bf-14ac664bdb60/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.379ce6a0edc2


Wans't (or rather wanst) as eye dialect from the Domestic Engineering and the Journal of Mechanical Contracting (Volume 84, 1918)

enter image description here

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=1armAAAAMAAJ&q=%22wans%27t%22&dq=%22wans%27t%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjawsapt8zbAhWIYVAKHeBmA4w4FBDoAQgmMAA

  • 2
    Looks like an 'olde' spelling of "once". – Lawrence Jun 11 '18 at 15:11
  • 3
    Under their entry for once, the full OED say The regional forms with -st follow the pattern seen in, e.g. against. It's nothing to do with contracted wasn't. – FumbleFingers Jun 11 '18 at 16:18
  • 1
    Looks like "eye dialect spelling" to me en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_dialect but interesting discovery nonetheless. – Mari-Lou A Jun 11 '18 at 16:28
  • 1
    NHG Wanst, MHG wanst, OHG wanast, orig. abdominal fat deposits on an animal, transferred to humans. Basically, in middle and northern Germany, a beer gut, Austrobavarian Wampe. duden.de/rechtschreibung/Wanst – KarlG Jun 11 '18 at 18:31
  • 2
    Some of these examples appear to be typesetting errors. – David K Jun 12 '18 at 8:11
4

Wanst is the 19th– early 20th c. phonetic rendering, i.e., “eye dialect,” of the Irish pronunciation of the dialect form ‘once + non-etymological t’ as in such words as amidst, against, whilst, and betwixt. In other dialects, it might be rendered as oncet, such as Pennsylvania Dutch or Appalachian speech. The phonetic spelling reflects a more fronted vowel perceived as characteristic of an Irish accent. There is a similar construction: twicet.

… but, Sir, is not wanst nought, nothin ; now, masther, sure there can't be less than nothin." Very good, Sir." " If wanst nought be nothin', then twicet nought must be somethin', for its double what wanst nought is ... — William Carleton, Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry, vol. 2, 1830, 190.

… “however the thoughts of the throuble of my poor mother made me hasten my way to Kerry, to the coast near Ventry, where my father's frinds wanst lived; but she had died there broken-hearted. — The Dublin Penny Journal, 3 (1834), 198.

Faith, if I led the Tyrone in rethreat wanst I led thim forty times! Love-o’-Women wud stay pottin' an' pottin’ from behind a rock, and wait till the fire was heaviest, an’ thin stand up an’ fire man-height clear. — Rudyard Kipling, Works [Seven Seas Ed.] vol. 9, 1914, 250.

And in this anecdote from a 1918 number of Everybody's Magazine:

enter image description here

  • I have found an odd usage of the wons't though from a famous Scottish journalist twitter.com/bbclaurak/status/950448640308449281. Shall I assume this is a typo? (Because I don't think it is referring to once) Also here – aesking Jun 11 '18 at 19:04
  • @aesking Yes, that’s a typo. It’s supposed to say wasn’t. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Jun 11 '18 at 19:11
  • Also @Janus in Scared Affair By W.L. Allen: books.google.co.uk/…; "I wans't afraid of him taking Candy" – aesking Jun 11 '18 at 19:16
  • **Probably is a typo, in the book 36 hits for wasn't and only 1 hit for wans't. – aesking Jun 11 '18 at 19:23

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