Where did the jive style of slang come from? It sounds pretty funny... specially from that scene in Airplane.
The "jive style of slang" is a dialect of English, most commonly known as African-American Vernacular English. Americans might have heard in the 90s about Ebonics, which is the same thing. I don't think it is really appropriate to call it jive anymore. You can see from the Wikipedia page that it has many names, partly because it is a sensitive topic for many, and some names have become stigmatized.
Its precise origins are not entirely clear. Some speculate that it was English that was heavily influenced by West African languages, some believe that influence was minimal. In either case, it shares many features of Southern American English.