In the sentence 'Are those english newspapers?' the word 'those' is a demonstrative adjective or pronoun? My english book says that a demonstrative is an adjective if it is followed by a noun (like in 'those newspapers are interesting'), is this true also for questions like that one? Thanks in advance

| improve this question | | | | |
  • It's neither! Here, the demonstrative determinative "those" is the independent form functioning as a 'fused' determiner-head. It's used deictically and understood as "those newspapers". – BillJ Jun 4 '18 at 13:34

As your English book says, the difference is whether the demonstrative "is followed by" a noun.


Those English newspapers are old. (But these English newspapers are new.)


Those are English newspapers. (But these newspapers are Spanish.)

To take a simple English sentence using "to be" and turn it into the equivalent question, we have to swap the positions 1 and 2 in the sentence (You are => Are you?) So looking at the question versions of the examples I wrote:


{Those English newspapers} {are} {old}.

Are those English newspapers old?


{Those} {are} {English newspapers}.

Are those English newspapers?

| improve this answer | | | | |
  • Thanks, in your second example 'these' is used as an adjective right? – user Jun 4 '18 at 12:52
  • I don't know which one you are referring to as 'second'. In the examples following ADJ, "those" is used as an adjective. In the examples following PRO "those" is used as a pronoun. – Craig Meulen Jun 5 '18 at 14:46
  • I was referring to 'But these newspapers are Spanish'. – user Jun 6 '18 at 7:20

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.