Is it considered proper English to say something like this?

I called her via a telephone.

Or should the indefinite article be omitted entirely?

I called her via telephone.

If the indefinite article is to be omitted, are there any cases in which it should not be? Or, does it even matter?

  • How about "I called her by telephone." – Peter Shor Oct 11 '11 at 22:10
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    That would work, but I'm curious about "via", specifically. – user11550 Oct 11 '11 at 22:14
  • It's the following noun that decides the choice of determiner, not the preposition via. Some preposition phrases, do lead to the dropping of determiners (e.g., in hospital), but this isn't the case here. – Brett Reynolds Jan 17 '12 at 12:50
  • I would avoid the issue and just text her. – Martin Krzywinski Feb 19 '15 at 20:20

If you look at the Merriam-Webster dictionary, two of the example usages for via are as follows:

He did some research via computer.

We went home via a shortcut.

So the second example shows you can certainly use a after via. ("We went home via shortcut" sounds wrong to me.)

However, I would say via telephone. This usage is closer to via computer, because telephone here refers not to a specific telephone, but to the general medium of telephony. Similarly, you would go somewhere via train or via superhighway, if you are talking about trains or superhighways in the abstract; but via the Orient express or via the Mass Pike, if you are talking about a specific train or superhighway.

If you are talking about a specific telephone, I wouldn't use via; I think you have to say something like "I called her on my cell phone."

  • Excellent answer, which I have up-voted. – Mike Jones Oct 12 '11 at 0:08
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    The usage via telephone does occur, but not so often as via satellite. Some are for call via satellite, but people simply don't use called via telephone. They use called by telephone - or more often, just telephoned. – FumbleFingers Oct 19 '11 at 6:27
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    @FumbleFingers: the phrase called via telephone may sound a little off because it's redundant (how else would you call somebody?). However, contacted via telephone sounds perfectly fine to me. – Peter Shor Oct 19 '11 at 13:14
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    I'm not saying the usage is incorrect, just that it's not "normal". For example, NGram has 150,000 instances of contact by telephone, and only 5000 for contact via telephone. IMHO via is normally used if the communication/travel mode is itself unusual for the context, or where the route passes through a non-standard/contextually significant intermediate point. – FumbleFingers Oct 19 '11 at 15:39

Both “I called her via telephone” and “I called her via a telephone” are grammatical (“correct”) English, and they mean approximately the same thing.

The preposition via denotes “the way” something happened, either the manner in which it occurs (“we went via car”) or some entity that intervened in the action (“we went via route 89”). In these examples, the difference is that telephone without an article refers to the modality of telephony—that is, communicating using the telephone system, whereas a telephone refers to the specific object used to communicate. In this case, one implies the other—if you communicated using a telephone then you must have communicated using the telephone system, and if you communicated using the telephone system then you must have communicated using a specific telephone, so the phrases are equivalent.


May I suggest another alternative that uses an adverb instead of a prepositional phrase headed with 'via' : what about saying 'call telephonically' ? So in your example:

I called her telephonically.

Google seems to exhibit this usage's popularity.


The Latin word via means way, path, route and the typical use of via is describing a route as in

1 We travelled to England via Dover.

2 The flight goes via Frankfurt.

3 via satellite

This via is the Latin ablative case approximately meaning on the route of or using the route of.

"via telephone" may be grammatical possible, but it is a stilted and abnormal formulation that shows that the speaker does not know that the use of via is restricted mainly to describing the route.


protected by Janus Bahs Jacquet Jul 27 '15 at 20:32

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