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I'm trying to translate the word "khoáng đạt" in Vietnamese. It is translated as "broad-minded" or "liberal-minded", but I think the word "khoáng đạt" is more than that. Say there is a profound question that is very abstruse when thinking about it, let alone finding the solution, but the speaker says it intuitively, relaxedly and somewhat playfully, as if it is very straightforward, effortless and carefree.

Example

  1. Most philosophical works are abstruse, even esoteric, but reading Zhuangzi you will find it _______.
  2. I find that words like "straightforward" or "warmhearted" is more straightforward than "uncomplicated" or "benevolent". Of course within a mastered hand every word is powerful, but for a non-native English speaker like me, they usually express that the speaker has escaped the suffering of finding the correct words. They feel more intuitive and _______.


Related: Is there a term for someone who "can see multiple perspectives"?

  • are you asking for easy to listen to or read? – lbf May 29 '18 at 18:33
  • The two common translations you list and your explanation of what the word actually means do not seem (to me) to match. If someone is capable of succinctly expressing a complex argument but with clarity and competence I would call it a masterful work of literature, myself. They are a true master of their subject, able to convey it, without complication, to their audience (which is truly a gift and a talent). – Nigel J May 29 '18 at 19:16
  • 4
    There is a phrase seemingly effortless. – jxh May 29 '18 at 22:47
  • @lbf easy to perceive and digest in general – Ooker May 30 '18 at 1:03
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    @NigelJ I'm looking for a word not describe the ability of the author, but the nature of the work that the readers/listeners perceive it – Ooker May 30 '18 at 1:05
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Some options to consider:

  • Whimsical : given to whimsy or fanciful notions; capricious

    1. capricious humor or disposition; extravagant, fanciful, or excessively playful expression

    2. an odd or fanciful notion.

    3. anything odd or fanciful; a product of playful or capricious fancy

    I find that words like "straightforward" or "warmhearted" is more straightforward than "uncomplicated" or "benevolent". Of course within a mastered hand every word is powerful, but for a non-native English speaker like me, they usually express that the speaker has escaped the suffering of finding the correct words. They feel more intuitive and _whimsical_.

  • Enlightening

    1. to give intellectual or spiritual light to; instruct; impart knowledge to

    2. Archaic. to shed light upon.

    Most philosophical works are abstruse, even esoteric, but reading Zhuangzi you will find it _enlightening_.

  • Liberating/Liberated

    1. to set free, as from imprisonment or bondage.

    2. to free (a nation or area) from control by a foreign or oppressive government.

    3. to free (a group or individual) from social or economic constraints or discrimination, especially arising from traditional role expectations or bias.

    Most philosophical works are abstruse, even esoteric, but reading Zhuangzi you will find it _liberating_.

    I find that words like "straightforward" or "warmhearted" is more straightforward than "uncomplicated" or "benevolent". Of course within a mastered hand every word is powerful, but for a non-native English speaker like me, they usually express that the speaker has escaped the suffering of finding the correct words. They feel more intuitive and _liberated_.

  • does the word usually go with proses? – Ooker May 31 '18 at 13:33
  • Do you mean "prose" as opposed to "poetry" or "verse "? We can say "prose", "pieces of prose" or even "lines of prose" but "prose" does not really have a plural. – BoldBen May 31 '18 at 13:47
  • sorry, I mean simply "writing work". As in my observation the word usually mean for ideas, as in bringing freedom to the readers. I want a word that has a connotation of playful in the style – Ooker May 31 '18 at 13:48
  • @BoldBen no? But Oxford in Google says so? – Ooker May 31 '18 at 13:50
  • Although one might feel 'liberated' after reading something written in an 'intuitive, relaxed and playful' manner, the term 'liberating/liberated' doesn't really describe the 'manner' of writing. – Lawrence May 31 '18 at 16:12
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Insightful comes to mind; or introspective if someone has been pondering an abtruse solution to a question given esoteric context.

  • I want to emphasize the connotation of "carefree" or "playful" – Ooker May 30 '18 at 1:07
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With regard to language, the word elegant could be applicable in this scenario.

Especially as per OED definition 2.a.:

Of language, literature, or literary style: characterized by harmonious simplicity in the choice and arrangement of words; free from awkwardness, coarseness, or clumsiness; graceful, refined.

An example phrase:

Judge Moses B. Walker laboriously, but in choice language and elegant phrasing, sought to justify the court's conclusion.

  • 1945 Southwestern Hist. Q. 48 463
3

The word natural in the sense of:

"coming instinctively to a person; innate"

  1. Most philosophical works are abstruse, even esoteric, but reading Zhuangzi you will find it natural.
  2. I find that words like "straightforward" or "warmhearted" is more straightforward than "uncomplicated" or "benevolent". Of course within a mastered hand every word is powerful, but for a non-native English speaker like me, they usually express that the speaker has escaped the suffering of finding the correct words. They feel more intuitive and natural.
2

readable TFD

(of style of writing) interesting, easy, pleasant to read

or listenable TFD

easy or pleasant to listen to

As in:

Most philosophical works are abstruse, even esoteric, but with Zhuangzi you will find it very readable.

2

Though not a translation of "khoáng đạt", I think you're looking for:

relatable (Wiktionary)

Able to be related to on a personal level

For example:

Zhuangzhi's use of anecdotes and playful dialogues are more relatable than works of other writers of that time.

The use of common words in literature feels more relatable than literature with many uncommon words.

  • It seems so. But can you elaborate the definition more? Also, I really like the word "playful". It's better than "carefree" I guess? – Ooker May 30 '18 at 0:54
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    @Ooker relatable is when you think Hey, I know that. I've experienced that. A similar word would be approachable. – Boondoggle May 30 '18 at 1:15
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Consider accessible. According to Oxford Dictionaries Online

Easily understood.

‘his Latin grammar is lucid and accessible’

Similarly Collins

If you describe a book, painting, or other work of art as accessible, you think it is good because it is simple enough for people to understand and appreciate easily.

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Concise, according to Cambridge Dictionary:

short and clear, expressing what needs to be said without unnecessary words

Attribution: (Definition of “concise” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

Or succinct, according to Cambridge Dictionary:

(of writing or speech) clear and short; expressing what needs to be said without unnecessary words

Attribution: (Definition of “succinct” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

  • why are there too much attribution? A link is suffice, right? – Ooker May 30 '18 at 5:56
  • @Ooker better to add a plain text attribution because I quote their definitions directly. See this post on meta. – JJJ May 30 '18 at 6:01
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Stress-free

Not causing or feeling any stress.
“I taught in a happy and stress-free environment”

Lightly

Both words don't really mean “intuitively”, but it describe the spirit of the person dealing with the problem. Thinking about them, they are also in the same category with “warmhearted” or “straightforward”.

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