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As far as I am concerned, other is always used with plural countable nouns and another is used with singular countable nouns. How come it is used in Oxford Dictionaries twice? Is the adverb in this case treated as an uncountable noun?

Is that sentence grammatically correct?

An adverb is a word that is used to give more information about a verb, an adjective or OTHER adverb.

  • No. Adverb is not uncountable as uncountable nouns can only take singular or plural forms, not both. – Paul Childs May 8 '18 at 12:45
  • So that means that the sentence is not grammatically corretct? – Issam Yazidi May 8 '18 at 12:48
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    You've already got the an part there: parse it as an adjective, (a) verb, or (an) other adverb... – StoneyB May 8 '18 at 13:09
  • By the way, swapping "an adjective" and "verb" does make it incorrect as when you are making a list you can drop an article to make it implicit, but the reverse does not hold. – Paul Childs May 8 '18 at 13:13
  • Which is correct: a whole nother thing or a whole other thing? The second uses other with a singular countable noun. The first uses the word nother, which the Oxford Dictionaries Online calls informal. – Peter Shor Nov 6 '18 at 12:08
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You do not have to use another in that sentence because an is already modifying the list:

A word or phrase that modifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb ...

If you consider another to be an+other, you already have one an in the sentence, and don't need another one (although using another would not be ungrammatical).

Without the an, you would have to use another. The following is ungrammatical. Or rather, it implies that Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are moons.

*An outer solar system moon is a large body that orbits Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, or other outer solar system moon.

  • This makes no sense to me. The words are semantically exclusive. It has nothing to do with determiners or noun types. The determiners behave strangely so that the semantic distinction remains unambiguous. Other is substitutional. Another is concatenative. Another ten donuts gets you ten more donuts. Some other ten donuts exchanges the ones you have for others. I found it very strange that Ngrams shows or another to now be common. It used to be virtually unheard of. I have to say "or some other", I can't say "or another". I think the OP's example is perhaps an anachronism to some. – Phil Sweet Nov 6 '18 at 4:21
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    It appears once again that I am talking 19th century talk :( Ngram – Phil Sweet Nov 6 '18 at 11:38
  • @Phil: And I had no idea that the grammar had changed since the early 20th century, but it looks like it did. – Peter Shor Nov 6 '18 at 18:45
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I think another is ruled out because if it were to modify "another adverb" then that would imply there is already an adverb it is modifying already (another = one of like kind). Whereas "other" has more general usage (one or more of like or unlike kinds). Modifier and modified make different kinds gramatically, hence other is used.

As an aside, "other" and "another" do have the distiction you mention for non-specific nouns. For specific nouns, other is used. http://www.englishcurrent.com/grammar/other-another-difference/

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The rules you stated aren't rules. They never were rules and they don't make any sense as rules. Other and another are semantically exclusive of each other.

Another is concatenative. It adds the new thing to a set of existing things that are receiving focus in the sentence. Other is sustitutional, it replaces the set of things in focus with a new thing or set. The funny behavior with respect to determiners only applies to a/an, and is simply a way to make sure we don't mistake an other for another, since they are completely different in terms of sentence meaning. It has nothing to do with word choice. You don't choose between other and another based on determiner use or noun types, we merely avoid any potentially ambiguous construction for clarity's sake. Thus some other, the other or any other is used in stead of an other.

In the not so distant past, the construction "or another" was nearly nonexistant in English. It makes no sense to use a concatenative word with or. I still don't ever say "or another" - it has to be "or some other" or just "or other".

While Ngrams now shows "or another" to be common, and "one or another" (which I can't even say) to be more common than "one or other", historically, they were rare.

The most likely case at hand is that the definition was written down at a time and place when "or another" simply wasn't a grammatical option. And there are still some of us for whom it isn't.

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