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What does the phrase "play the ... card" mean? For example:

"She played the victim card."

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    Play the ...card:to use a particular quality, argument etc in order to gain an advantage” politicians who play the nationalist card in order to get votes. macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/play-the-card . – user067531 May 1 '18 at 19:13
  • She used the argument that she was a victim. (Probably to avoid the consequences of direct responsibilities) . More context is needed to fully understand the sentence. – user067531 May 1 '18 at 19:21
  • This usage got considerable play during the past US presidential election when Hillary Clinton was accused by her opponent of "playing the woman card". – Hot Licks May 1 '18 at 23:07
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It's an unsubtle appeal for support if you belong to some kind of group that has been discriminated against. It's being used like a social trump card. The most common examples I have seen are these.

"playing the race card"

"playing the sexism card"

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Have you ever played the game Monopoly? It involves moving pieces round a board, where most of the squares represent different streets, which can be bought by the first player to land on it. The owner of a street can then charge ‘rent’ to any other player to land on that square.

But there are two squares that are ‘CHANCE’ and two that are ‘Community Chest’. Each corresponds to a separate benefit, such as being allowed to claim a certain amount from other players, or a forfeit, such as paying a tax to the ‘bank’

There is one square that is ‘Jail’ and another that sends you to jail if you land on it. being in jail is a setback. You cannot charge rent or buy properties while there.

One of these cards says “Get out of Jail Free”. The player that picks up this card can keep it and play. it when needed. Not surprisingly, this card is known as ... yes,

THE GET OUT OF JAIL FREE CARD

This has become a common expression, particularly in connection with politics.

The Cambridge Dictionary has

something that allows you to avoid an unpleasant result of your actions, for example a punishment or duty: k quote

Naturally, though I have not substantiated this, this expression becomes extended to other ‘get-out’ behaviours. We hear of ‘playing the race (or gender) card’ and so on. But I do suspect it goes back to that Chance Card in the game of Monopoly!

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    While this is an interesting thought for the etymology, the expression predates Monopoly. According to the OED, it comes from the expression "Orange card". – Laurel May 1 '18 at 21:57
  • @Laurel Thank you for this. You must be right, and that it goes back to the struggle for Irish independence. ‘Orange’ refers, in that case (as I am sure you know), the Orange Order of Unionist activists (so named after King William III, Duke of Orange. I should have researched it. – Tuffy May 1 '18 at 22:11
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play the ... card

to use a particular quality, argument etc in order to gain an advantage; to bring up a particular, typically contentious issue or idea in order to gain an advantage, as in an argument or political agenda

As in:

Politicians play the nationalist card in order to get votes.

(AHD)

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play (or use) the — card

Exploit the specified issue or idea mentioned, especially for political advantage. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/card

It's an analogy to some card games where a lower card of the "Trump" suit can beat a higher card of another suit and it always carries an accusation that this argument or appeal is a weak one. The most common usage is to say that someone played the race card by which one means that they used their race or accusations of racism illegitimately to win or derail a debate.

Note, that using this phrase is aggressive and accusatory and people will interpret it as a dismissal of the "card" that the person was playing. In your example of playing the victim card, people will likely interpret that as dismissing the significance of whatever that person suffered.

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