we were given the following questions by our teacher and the answers didn't make sense. hope you guys can explain.

They needed to have a degree in engineering, physics and mathematics. - adverb was the answer given

They also needed to complete flight training. - adverb as well.

can someone explain why it was an adverb and not a direct object? i really need help because we have a test tomorrow regarding that topic. thanks :)

  • also, can someone give me an advice on how to distinguish adverbs from direct objects when it comes to infinitives? any help would be really appreciated. :) – Eril Moon May 1 '18 at 5:53
  • 1
    The infinitival clauses are not adverbial, but complements. These are catenative constructions. "Need" is a catenative verb and the infinitival clauses are thus catenative complements of "need". We can tell they are complements since their omission would render the sentences ungrammatical. Obligatory items are always complements -- that's a golden rule of English grammar. – BillJ May 1 '18 at 6:09
  • There's an interesting document, en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:English_catenative_verbs, with many examples. @BillJ: Is there a reference you like that covers the terminology in your comment--CGEL, or something else? – Xanne May 1 '18 at 7:34
  • Eril, could you pleae quote what you were asked, word for word? Neither of your examples is really comprehensible, which makes any Answer or even comment mostly guesswork… – Robbie Goodwin May 16 '18 at 22:25

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