A subordinate clause—also called a dependent clause—will begin with a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun and will contain both a subject and a verb. This combination of words will not form a complete sentence. It will instead make a reader want additional information to finish the thought. (From a grammar website).

Are there any instances which contradict a dependent clause beginning with a subordinate conjunction or relative pronoun as written above.

He arrived late for work again, not that it mattered. (for example).


In relative clauses, the relative pronoun can be deleted if it is not the subject of the clause. E.g. The woman (whom/that) we hired has excellent references.

Also, some relative clauses start with a prepositional phrase, with the relative pronoun being the object of the preposition. E.g. The woman with whom I spoke was very helpful.

Im sure there are other examples.


Firstly the statement stated, “...will begin with a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun...”.

There is a contradiction to the claim that a subordinate clause must start with a conjuction - it is not necessarily must be.

I told him that he should see a doctor. - here ‘I told him’ starts perfectly fine without the relative pronoun as a start.

Is poor although he dresses nicely. - same as above - starts perfectly fine without a conjunction.

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