The bold words are the words being modified by the prepositional phrase.

According to englishgrammar101.com:

The crystal glassware is from Carlsbad. (Is this a subject complement?)

Jessie's new apartment is on the third floor. (Is this a state-of-being?)

  • Is this a homework question? Can you share your reasoning, and point to where you are stuck, and what's confusing you? – aparente001 Apr 22 '18 at 14:28
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    @aparente001 It's not a homework question. I don't understand why the prepositional phrase in the first question is modifying the subject while the prepositional phrase in the second question is modifying the verb. – ajarnski Apr 22 '18 at 14:31
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    The PP "from Carlsbad" is not a modifier, but a locative complement of the verb "is". Locative complements are not predicative, so it's not a subject complement, though it does of course refer to the subject. Similarly, in your 2nd example, the PP "on the third floor" is not a modifier but a locative complement of "is". Again, it refers to the subject. – BillJ Apr 22 '18 at 14:37
  • @BillJ So the website is wrong to claim that the bolded words are being modified? – ajarnski Apr 22 '18 at 14:54
  • Yes, I'm afraid so. The PPs "from Carlsbad" and "on the third floor" are complements of the verb "is", not modifiers at all, though they do of course refer to the subjects. Incidentally, subject complements are either noun phrases or adjective phrases, e.g. "Ed is a teacher" / "Kim is very pretty". – BillJ Apr 22 '18 at 15:19

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