"Tell", "continue" and "stop" are not listed as auxiliary verbs, but they seem to be similar. Consider the following sentences, where [these are objects of tell]:
He told [his cat] to leave.
We told [them] to find another way.
[They] have been told to stop calling.
I cannot reconcile "told" as simply a transitive verb in these cases.
Consider these phrases where tell is used as a verb taking a single accusative object:
He told [his cat].
We told [them].
[They] have been told.
I don't think [to leave] or [to find another way] or [to stop calling] can be considered noun phrases.
Also, we can chain together these words, often by adding the word "to" (like we do with the word ought which is listed as an auxiliary verb). Though sometimes this isn't necessary. A few examples of increasing complexity:
We continue telling [him] to stop calling.
We continue to tell [him] to stop calling.
We continue pleading [her] to tell [him] to stop calling.
We continue pleading [them] to beg [her] to tell [him] to stop calling.
We continue to plead [them] to continue to beg [her] to stop telling [him] to stop calling.
It seems that these words can take an additional verb phrase as if it were a kind of object:
Continue to _____.
Plead [object] to _____.
Tell [object] to _____.
Beg [object] to _____.
Can anyone explain to me what these words are grammatically, and what those 'verb phrases' are?