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This question already has an answer here:

Is starting a sentence with a "But" still bad? I know some Harvard graduates who are native English speakers and do this when they write. Is it acceptable now?

What are some of the examples where "But" is and is not acceptable?

Is there ever a situation when replacing a "But" with "However" makes the sentence better?

marked as duplicate by Edwin Ashworth, AmE speaker, Mari-Lou A, jimm101, snailcar Apr 5 '18 at 22:50

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • Must be why the British were upset with The Declaration of Independence. – Hot Licks Apr 5 '18 at 12:06
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    Even though this is a duplicate, I don't think it is bad to answer again. There's a lot of nuance to the question that hasn't been addressed yet. Also Harvard? Pfft. – Mitch Apr 5 '18 at 12:29
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    @EdwinAshworth The other question is about "And". It's not obvious to me that "And" and "But" should be either OK or not OK together. – MaxB Apr 5 '18 at 18:16
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    Are you saying that anongoodnurse's answer does not answer this question? I could have probably found one aimed at 'coordinating conjunctions' as a whole rather than a subset, but I thought this was pretty clear. Ah, here's one: Is it correct to start a sentence with a coordinate conjunction?. Your question also lacks signs of research; ODO has a balanced article discussing this. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '18 at 18:27
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    Too short a time to edit properly. nohat's 'The rule forbidding conjunctions at the beginning of sentences—“No Initial Coordinators” (NIC)—is something that even the most prickly old usage writers have rejected as Not A Real Rule. Arnold Zwicky wrote on Language Log in 2006 ...' and (Liberman's) 'There is nothing in the grammar of the English language to support a prescription against starting a sentence with and or but—nothing in the norms of speaking and nothing in the usage of the best writers over the entire history of the literary language. ' – Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '18 at 18:33
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Sort of yes, sort of no.

There's writing style and then there's linguistic grammar. There's prescription (what you should do) and description (what people actually do). Those two sentences are not necessarily parallel)

People often use conjunctions at the beginning of sentences. 'And', 'but', 'or'. Also 'moreover', 'inasmuch', 'nonetheless'. That's just plain description. But are just a lot of people in error? A lot of famous and supposedly good (but probably overrated) writers do it.

Capulet: But woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart.

(but this is poetry where... well... not any thing goes, but a sure lot of it does, just to fit the meter).

"My dear Mr. Bennet," said his lady to him one day, "have you heard that Netherfield Park is let at last?" Mr. Bennet replied that he had not. "But it is," returned she; "for Mrs. Long has just been here, and she told me all about it."

But this is reported speech. Who knows what shipyard patois Austen is attempting to record?

But a writer should be careful not to construct too many of his sentences after this pattern

And they are exemplars of all that is both correct (grammatically) and tasteful (stylistically) in modern American writing.


Stylistically, though, it sounds funny. Shouldn't a conjunction have something parallel before it in the same sentence? But frankly it's probably more jarring in many circumstances to not use the conjunction especially when it adds meaningful contrast.

Introducing a sentence with a conjunction like and/but/or is grammatically OK in English. People do it all the time in formal and informal speech and they do it in a rule-based, consistent fashion (no one follows the conjunction with an adverb, that would be perverse. And how!).

If you are writing for a newspaper or for a journal article or a paper for school or some other place that tends towards the formal, it is advised not to do it because, and this is the subtle part, some people think it is a rule (also it is a bit informal and gimmicky style marker). Like singular 'they', ending a sentence with a preposition, or comma splicing, these things have been judged to be poor style and to be avoided because of our refined esthetic sensibilities (like wearing jeans that became ripped naturally: that is abhorrent when you can be buying them pre-ripped by professionals who know how to do it right).

In other news, I'm not saying anything new.

Sure, you probably shouldn't use it too much (which is a general advice on any stylistic peculiarity). But every so often it's totally OK.

  • Just because Strunk & White did it doesn't mean it's automatically wrong. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '18 at 18:03
  • In your view, is there ever a situation when replacing a "But" with "However" makes the sentence better? – MaxB Apr 5 '18 at 18:13
  • You need a semicolon after "adverb" instead of that comma. – Spencer Apr 5 '18 at 23:01
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Not beginning a sentence with "but" is a rule of thumb. This is not a hard and fast rule. Rather, it's a simple guideline you should apply to avoid risking a common grammatical mistake, namely: using a sentence fragment.

It is very possible to create a grammatically correct sentence that begins with "but"; however, a lot of people don't know how to do it.

Here's an example of a fully formed sentence and grammatically correct sentence that begins with "but":

But for the petty pedantry of grammatical orthodoxy, more people would feel free to construct sentences using interesting structures.

  • This has been answered here many times. As has the incorrectness of labelling all comma splices as being incorrect. If one adds in the fact that there is no supporting evidence to accompany this answer, I'm not sure why I haven't downvoted already. I'll return after lunch. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '18 at 11:17
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    Can you give an example of how to do it? (And how not to) – Mitch Apr 5 '18 at 11:23
  • Hmm. Someone's beaten me to it. – Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '18 at 11:25

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