In Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Education has devised a new type of examination for those who flounder or stumble in some school subjects because of illness or family circumstances. My question is: Is there a specific name for such an examination? I have tried to figure out some names such as 'stumbling examination' and 'floundering examination', but I am not really sure if these terms are valid.
If a student misses an examination because of illness or family circumstances or because of another examination at the same time, and then takes the same or equivalent examination at a later date, this is commonly called a make-up examination.
For example, see this information from the Rutgers School of Engineering:
Students having an exam conflict should contact the instructor of the course(s) involved for information regarding the arrangements for the make-up examination.
If a student, on the other hand, has an acknowledged learning disability, then he or she takes the examination at the same time as the other students, but with adapted content or other accommodations such as extra time or a proctor reading the questions. The examinations for such students are commonly called modified assessments or alternate assessments.
For example, see this information from Centinela Valley Union High School District, which uses the CMA:
The California Modified Assessment (CMA) for Science is an assessment for students in grades five, eight, and ten who have an individualized education program (IEP) that designates they take the CMA for Science. ... The CMA for Science allows students with disabilities greater access to an assessment that helps measure how well they are achieving California’s content standards for science that were adopted by the SBE in 1998.