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Could you please tell me which one is correct?(and why?)

I sent an email to the company asking them for more information.

I sent an email to the company to ask them for more information.

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Both are correct, with a slight nuance in the meaning:

"I sent an e-mail asking...": grammatically you're saying that your e-mail (or yourself) was asking for more information. Asking is a present participle which functions rather like an adjective qualifying your e-mail (or yourself).

"I sent an e-mail to ask...": grammatically you're describing the purpose of your e-mail; you sent it in order to ask / so as to ask for more information. To ask is a verb expressing the purpose of your e-mail.

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  • Your nuances are correct, but there's virtually no practical difference in the overall meanings.
    – Barmar
    Commented Mar 30, 2018 at 21:36
  • Agreed, @Barmar. In this case the meaning is practically the same. Yet the use of the infinitive expresses more INTENT than the use of the gerund/present participle. You would say "I love swimming", expressing a general feeling, but "I'd love TO swim in this river" expressing the desire possibly to have a swim there and then. Wouldn't you?
    – user289091
    Commented Apr 1, 2018 at 3:54

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