I (US Mid-West) definitely pronounce this as having two syllables, with a schwa between the R and the L. In fact, I find it difficult to make a consonant cluster of RL. This is contradicted but dictionary entries that give the pronunciation as having one syllable.

How many syllables does the word have?

  • 1
    This is just the result of variable syllabification of /l/. Also discussed in the answers to Half-Syllables in English? in reference to words with diphthongs like tile. The rhotic vowels (or vowel + coda /r/ sequences, however you analyze them) of American English are similar in some ways to diphthongs. Also related: How many syllables are in the word 'hour'?
    – herisson
    Mar 25, 2018 at 5:08
  • Is the only difference in how you pronounce pearl and peril the first vowel sound? If so, you're really pronouncing girl with two syllables. Otherwise, you're just hearing an incidental sound as you go from an American r to an equally American dark l.
    – KarlG
    Mar 25, 2018 at 5:12
  • @KarlG: "pearl" and "peril" have different vowel sounds. You'd need to use an example like "referral" or "demurral" to get the right vowel sound (although they don't start with the same sounds as girl or pearl). Maybe compare the second part of referral and the word furl.
    – herisson
    Mar 25, 2018 at 5:13
  • They don't have to rhyme to tell if there's a real vowel there. The point is the schwa in the second syllable of peril. But referral girl would work fine. Or maybe referral unfurl.
    – KarlG
    Mar 25, 2018 at 5:18
  • peril, referral, unfurl, girl, pearl are all perfect rhymes for me.
    – Kim
    Mar 26, 2018 at 6:46

2 Answers 2


For many American English speakers, the distinction between /l/ and /əl/ is unclear when /l/ is in the coda of a syllable (it doesn't necessarily have to constitute the entire coda: see the related question about words like child, wild, and field) after a tense vowel, a diphthong, or a rhotic vowel. The exact set of vowels associated with this merger may vary between speakers; for example, I feel like I have a fairly robust distinction between /el/ (as in trail) and /eəl/ (as in betrayal) and /ol/ (as in stole) and /oəl/ (as in bestowal) although in fast speech I can imagine that I might merge them. (Normally, I pronounce /el/ as something like [eə̯ɫ] and [eəl] as something like [eɪ̯əɫ]). But I don't have a strong distinction between /oɪl/ and /oɪəl/: for me, it feels like oil basically rhymes with loyal.

This means that words that show this variation have an unclear number of syllables.

Wikipedia covers the possible environments in a section titled "Vile–vial merger" of the article "English-language vowel changes before historic /l/":

In some rhotic accents, [a merger may occur between] /-ˈɜːrl/ (girl, hurl, pearl, etc.) and /-ˈɜːrəl/ (referral), usually skewing towards two syllables.

  • Arlberg seems to have no pronunciation problems.
    – Xanne
    Mar 25, 2018 at 7:59

In the standard General American accent, 'girl' has a single syllable, /gɚl/ or /gərl/.

But a large number of people separate 'rl'. This is similar to how the 'l' in bottle forms a syllable all by itself. This is called a syllabic l'. The sounds (which is not the same as letters) of 'r', 'm' and 'n' also can do that, be a syllable without the usual expected vowel as center of the syllable, though often the schwa 'ə' or 'uh' is considered the syllabic nucleus that comes with a syllabic consonant.

This is not an uncommon variant in all American varieties of English. It is not characteristic of any particular dialect. Some people in all varieties do it. That means that saying it does not pinpoint you to a particular accent, it is an acceptable variation in all accents.

It is not surprising that the consonant cluster 'rl' is sometimes separated. It is often a very difficult pair to pronounce by children and non-native speakers. Notice in the second clip, the announcer, who has a British English accent, gives two syllables for 'squirrel' which is perfectly natural alternative.

This is in contrast to the other direction. Some words, like 'fire' or 'desire', which in the standard pronunciation have two syllables for 'ire' = /aɪ ɚ/ or /aɪ ər/, can reduce to /ar/. It's not like the syllable distinction was emphasized in the standard pronunciation, but especially in the South or in the very similar AAE, they are sometimes non-rhotic (drop word final 'r's) and monophthongization (saying 'Ah' for 'I').

  • To me, “this girl” and “the squirrel” seem closer to each other than either does to “referral”.
    – tchrist
    Apr 24, 2018 at 13:19
  • @tchrist Same here. Also for me is that however many syllables some one says, it doesn't stand out as 'different', unlike, say dropping r's. There's a tiny bit of similar phenomenon called the 'vile-vial' merger (I can't tell the difference between those two so I suppose I got it). But 'Nile' and 'denial' are not exact rhymes for me.
    – Mitch
    Apr 24, 2018 at 13:26

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge that you have read and understand our privacy policy and code of conduct.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.