Am seeking etymological explanation how, Euchre, the United States’ most popular card game in the late 19th century, might have come to be spelled in that manner. It is speculated that the game derived from an Alsatian card game, “Juckerspiel” or simply “Jucker.” What influences can one surmise that might have been involved in such a change in spelling?
Without reliance on etymology, researchers have maintained that Euchre was brought to North America by Germans (not necessarily German-speaking Alsatians) arriving in Pennsylvania or elsewhere on the mid-Atlantic coast in the late 18 or early 19th century (including by such means, perhaps, as the Hessian soldiers during the Revolutionary War).
On the other hand, through extensive newspaper research, I have discovered that the game was played in the lower South and lower Mississippi River valley in the early 19th century. From an etymologist’s perspective, is it possible that “Juckerspiel” might have undergone French influence, perhaps by its entry into North America via the port of New Orleans by early Alsatian German-speaking settlers who inhabited an area termed the German (Gulf) Coast or the lower Mississippi in the late 18 or early 19th century, and, of course, subsequent English-speaking individuals?
Alternative early spellings also include: ucre, eucre, uker, yewker, etc.